1937/8 in the Socialist Party and the Socialist Workers Party

by Mike Wood

1. SWP and Organizing Committee for a Socialist Party Convention Internal Bulletins and Minutes used courtesy of the Tamiment Library and Robert F Wagner Labor Archives, New York University. Hal Draper Collection used courtesy of the Special Collections Department, University of California Library, Davis.

2. I follow Hal Draper in using the term "Independent Socialist tradition" as convenient shorthand for the Third Camp politics of the WP/ISL and Independent Socialist movement following the dissolution of the ISL in 1958.

3. Trotsky, L. Revolution Betrayed (London: New Park, 1973), pg. 1, 7, and 8/9.

4. Ibid.,11.

5. Ibid.,46/7.

6. Ibid.,54.

7. Ibid.,193.

8. Ibid.,254.

9. Ibid.,244.

10. Ibid.,277.

11. Ibid.,288.

12. Trotsky, L. "Discussion with Crux on the Transitional Program" in SWP 6 (1938) 13 (discussion of June 7th 1938) Tamiment Library Socialist Workers Party Collection, R-7781.

13. Trotsky, L. "Once Again, the USSR and it’s Defense" in Internal Bulletin of the Organizing Committee for the Socialist Party Convention 2 (1937): 18, Tamiment Library Max Shachtman Collection 103, Box 45, Folder 3, Reel 58.

14. Matgamna, S. "Introduction" in The Fate of the Russian Revolution ed. Matgamna (London: Phoenix Press, 1998) 104.

15. Carter, J. Letter to Draper February 21st 1968, UC Davis Hal Draper Collection, 373, Box 8.

16. Convention Arrangements Committee, "Resolution on the Soviet Union" in The Founding of the Socialist Workers Party ed. Breitman, 129-140 (first published Nov 1937) (New York: Monad, 1982) 135.

17. Burnham, J and Carter, J. "Amendment to Resolution" in Internal Bulletin of the Organizing Committee for the Socialist Party Convention 2 (1937) 13-14, Tamiment Library Max Shachtman Collection 103, Box 45, Folder 3, Reel 58.

18 Cannon, J. "A New Party is Founded" in The Founding of the Socialist Workers Party ed. Breitman, 44-50 (written January 1938) (New York: Monad, 1982) 49, The three votes for the Minority position were those of G. Whiteside of Kansas, Retzkin of Astoria, New York, and G. Brooks of Upper West Side, New York. In addition the amendment received four fraternal delegate votes – Carter, Burnham, Manny Garrett, and Mendelson of Newark. The minority resolution noted here as receiving two votes was that of Martin Glee, etc. (see note xliii).

19. Socialist Workers Party Political Committee, "Minutes of 17th February 1938" in Tamiment Library Shachtman Fight Collection, R-7781.

20. The New International (Editorial), "A Correction" in The New International 4 No.3 (1938) 95 (Editors – Burnham, Shachtman, and Spector).

21. Burnham and Carter, 1937.

22. Carter, J. Letter to Draper February 21st 1968, UC Davis Hal Draper Collection, 373, Box 8.

23. Trotsky, L. "Not a Workers’ and Not a Bourgeois State? Political and Social Content" in Internal Bulletin of the Organizing Committee for the Socialist Party Convention 3 (1937) 1, Tamiment Library Max Shachtman Collection 103, Box 45, Folder 3, Reel 58.

24. Ibid.,8.

25. Ibid.,9.

26.. Ibid.,2.

27 Sterling, M. "What does the Position of Comrades Burnham and Carter lead to?" in Internal Bulletin of the Organizing Committee for the Socialist Party Convention 3 (1937) 15, Tamiment Library Max Shachtman Collection 103, Box 45, Folder 3, Reel 58.

28. Ibid.,16.

29. Weber, J. "A Bankrupt Opposition Bloc" in UC Davis Draper Collection, Box 37 (written March 15th 1940).

30. Carter, J. "The Class Nature of the Soviet State" in Internal Bulletin of the Organizing Committee for the Socialist Party Convention 5 (1937) 8, Tamiment Library Max Shachtman Collection 103, Box 45, Folder 3, Reel 58.

31. Carter, J. Letter to Draper October 20th 1958, in UC Davis Hal Draper Collection, 373, Box 5.

32. Carter (1937), 3.

33. Ibid.,6.

34. Carter, J. Letter to Draper March 10th 1963, In UC Davis Hal Draper Collection, 373, Box 8.

35. Carter (1937), 6.

36. Ibid.,6.

37. Burnham, J. "Formula to Reality" in Internal Bulletin of the Organizing Committee for the Socialist Party Convention 5 (1937) 15, Tamiment Library Max Shachtman Collection 103, Box 45, Folder 3, Reel 58.

38. Ibid.,18.

39. Ibid.,22.

40. Ibid.,23.

41. Ibid.,23.

42. Ibid.,23.

43. Ibid.,12-13.

44. Socialist Workers Party "Minutes, First National Convention of the Socialist Workers Party: Chicago, December 31st 1937 – January 3rd 1938" in The Founding of the Socialist Workers Party ed. Breitman, 58-83 (New York: Monad 1982) 72-3.

45. Drucker, P. Letter to Draper 26th June 1989, in UC Davis Hal Draper Collection, 373, Box 15.

46. Draper, H. Letter to Le Contrat Social January 21st 1959, in UC Davis Hal Draper Collection, 373, Box 61.

47. Draper, H. Letter to Carter April 14th 1962, in UC Davis Hal Draper Collection, 373, Box 5.

48. Carter, J. Letter to Draper May 7th1962, in UC Davis Hal Draper Collection, 373, Box 8.

49. Glee, et al "Resolution on the Russian Question" in Internal Bulletin of the Organizing Committee for the Socialist Party Convention 2 (1937) 24, Tamiment Library Max Shachtman Collection 103, Box 45, Folder 3, Reel 58.

50. Draper, H. "Myths About Bruno Rizzi," in UC Davis Hal Draper Collection, 373, Box 61, written between September and November 1985.

51. Eastman, D and Deren, E. "No Workers State without Workers Control" in Internal Bulletin of the Organizing Committee for the Socialist Party Convention 2 (1937) 36-37, Tamiment Library Max Shachtman Collection 103, Box 45, Folder 3, Reel 58.