Antonio Gramsci: From War to Revolution

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1. T.J. Jackson Lears, “The Concept of Cultural Hegemony: Problems and Possibilities,” The American Historical Review (3, 1985), 567. Giovanni d’Anna, “La ‘scoperta’ di Antonio Gramsci. Le lettere e i Quaderni del Carcere nel dibattito italiano (1944-1952),” Italia contemporanea (no. 211, June 1998). Franco Lo Piparo, I due carceri di Gramsci. La prigione fascista e il labirinto comunista (Rome: Donzelli, 2012), 111ff.

2. Davide Madeddu, “Fassino: siamo un paese democratico grazie a Gobetti e a Gramsci,” L’Unità, May 3, 2004; Gabriele Turi, “Storia di lotta e (ora) di governo,” Passato e Presente (no. 80, 2010), 101.

3. Peter Thomas, The Gramscian Moment: Philosophy, Hegemony and Marxism (Chicago: Haymarket Books, 2010), 12.

4. Geoff Eley, “Fascism then and now,” Socialist Register, 2016.

5.  Antonio Gramsci, “Wave of Materialism” and “Crisis of Authority,” in A. Gramsci, Selections from Prison Notebooks (London: ElecBook, 1999), 556. For the 2015 HM Program, see here (accessed 5/27/17).

6.  A.G. [Antonio Gramsci], “La Rivoluzione Contro il Capitale,” L’Avanti!, December 24, 1917 (reprinted Il Grido del Popolo, January 5, 1918), translated as “The Revolution Against ‘Capital,’” in David Forgacs (ed.), The Gramsci Reader: Selected Writings 1916-1935 (New York University Press, 2000), 33; also by Nathalie Campbell (accessed 5/27/17 ). Also Paolo Spriano, The Occupation of the Factories: Italy 1920 (London: Pluto Press, 1975).

7. Cristina Corradi, Storia dei marxismi in Italia (Rome: Manifestolibri, 2011) 35-105; also interesting is Carlos Nelson Coutinho, “Il concetto di volontà collettiva in Gramsci,” Critica Marxista (no. 2-3, 2008), 33-36.

8. Gramsci, “The Revolution Against ‘Capital.’”

9.  [Antonio Gramsci], “Il popolo delle scimmie,” L’Ordine Nuovo, January 2, 1921 (translated as “The Monkey People,“ in Antonio Gramsci, Selections from Political Writings (1910-1920), selected and edited by Quentin Hoare (London: Lawrence and Wishart, 1988), 372).

10.  Jean Jaurès, “La Paix et le socialisme,” L’Humanité, July 9, 1915 (accessed 5/27/17). See also Georges Haupt, L’Historien et le mouvement social (Paris: Maspero, 1980), 206.

11. Vladimir I. Lenin, “What next? On the Tasks Confronting the Workers’ Parties with Regard to Opportunism and Social Chauvinism,” Sotsial-Demokrat (no. 36, January 9, 1915), (accessed 5/27/17).

12. Antonio Gramsci, “Neutralità attiva ed operante,” Il Grido del Popolo, October 31, 1914 (translated as “Active and Operative Neutrality,” in Antonio Gramsci, Selections, 6).

13. Gramsci, “Active and Operative,” 8.

14.  V.I. Lenin, “Letters from Afar. First Letter,” March 7, 1917 (published in Pravda (no. 14-15, March 21-22, 1917).

15.  Antonio Gramsci, La Città Futura (1917).

16. A.G. [Antonio Gramsci], “Note Sulla Rivoluzione Russa,” Il Grido del Popolo, April 29, 1917 (translated as “Notes on the Russian Revolution,” in Gramsci, Selections, 28ff).

17.  Leonardo Rapone, Cinque anni che paiono secoli. Antonio Gramsci dal socialismo al comunismo (Rome: Carocci, 2011), 75.

18. Stefano Musso, Gli operai di Torino (1900-1920) (Milan: Feltrinelli, 1980).

19.  Antonio Gramsci, “Analogie e metafore,” Il Grido del Popolo, September 15, 1917.

20. Alain Badiou, Le Siècle (Paris: Seuil, 2005), 144.

21.  Angelo d’Orsi, Gramsci. Una nuova biografia (Milan: Feltrinelli, 2017), 89.

22.  Gramsci, “The Revolution Against ‘Capital,’”33-34.

23.  Antonio Gramsci, “Il Nostro Marx,” Il Grido del Popolo, May 4, 1918 (translated as “Our Marx,” in David Forgacs (ed.), The Gramsci Reader, 36-39)

24. Il critico [P. Gobetti], “Storia dei comunisti torinesi scritta da un liberale,” La Rivoluzione liberale (no. 7, April 2, 1922).

25. [Antonio Gramsci], “Il Consiglio di fabbrica,” L’Ordine Nuovo, June 4-5, 1920.

26. [Antonio Gramsci], “Torino e l’Italia,” Avanti!, April 3, 1920.

27. Paolo Spriano, Occupation of the factories: Italy 1920 (London: Pluto Press, 1975). For the internal conflicts, see the findings of Yannick Beaulieu, “Il Biennio Rosso torinese: i Consigli di fabbrica nelle carte processuali della Corte d’Assise,” in Luigi Falossi, Fabrizio Loreto, I due bienni rossi del Novecento: 1919-22 e 1968-69. Studi e interpretazioni a confronto (Rome: Ediesse, 2007).

28. [Antonio Gramsci], “Il Movimento torinese dei Consigli di fabbrica,” L’Ordine Nuovo, March 14, 1921 (translated as “The Turin Communist Movement,” International Gramsci Journal (no. 2, 2017), 40).

29. [Antonio Gramsci], “L’Occupazione,” Avanti!, September 2, 1920.

30. [Antonio Gramsci], “Per un rinnovamento del partito socialista,” L’Ordine Nuovo, May 8, 1920.