Contradictions of the Ruling Class 
in Ukraine


1. Cf. Sławomir Matuszak, The Oligarchic Democracy: The Influence of Business Groups on Ukrainian Politics, (Warsaw: Center for Eastern Studies, 2012), 53-54.

2. Heritage Foundation, 2014 Index of Economic Freedom.

3. Cf. Sławomir Matuszak and Arkadiusz Sarna, From Stabilisation to Stagnation: Viktor Yanukovych’s Reforms, (Warsaw: Center for Eastern Studies, 2013), 21.

4. State Statistics Service of Ukraine.

5. Ukraine-2013: In-Between Elections and Options (assessments), 2013.

6. Cf. “Der lange Marsch zur Modernisierung: Gewerkschaften in der Ukraine,” Dec. 2013.

7. Lyubomyr Shavalyuk, “Systematic Recession: Why Ukraine’s economy and public finance are in a much worse state today compared to 2012,” Ukrainian Week, July 5, 2013. 

8. “Mass protests by Ukrainian entrepreneurs against a new tax law,” Nov. 17, 2010. 

9. Nick Evans, “Ukraine, Russia and the miners of the Donbass,” Revolutionary Socialism 21, April 16, 2014.