Debt, Underemployment, and Capitalism

by

1. U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics.

2. Karl Marx, Capital, Volume 3: Part II, Chapter 8.

3. John Maynard Keynes, The General Theory of Employment Interest and Money (London: Macmillan and Co., 1936), 15.

4. U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics.

5. U.S. Federal Individual Income Tax Rates History (Nominal Dollars).

6. U.S. Federal Individual Income Tax Rates History (Nominal Dollars).

7. Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, The Manifesto of the Communist Party (1848). Chapter 1.

8. Thomas I. Palley, “America’s Exhausted Paradigm.” 

9. Colin Jenkins, “The Great Recession, Six Years Later: Uneven Recovery, Flawed Indicators, and a Struggling Working Class,” The Hampton Institute, November 5, 2014.

10. Heidi Shierholz, “Is There Really a Shortage of Skilled Workers?” January 23, 2014.

11. Fred Goldstein, “Marxism and Long-term Unemployment.” 

12. Jenkins, “The Great Recession.”

13. O. Khazan, “Why Americans Are Drowning in Medical Debt,” The Atlantic, Oct. 10, 2014.

14. R. Wile, “Student Debt Has Turned Millennials into Carless, Homeless, Basement Dwellers Who Can’t Borrow,” Fusion, Feb 2, 2015.

15. D.S. Logan, “Fiscal Fact: Summary of the Latest Federal Individual Tax Data.” Tax Foundation, 2011: No.285.

16. D. Gilson, “Overworked America: 12 Charts That Will Make Your Blood Boil,” Mother Jones, July/Aug 2011.

17. J. Geler, “Capitalism’s Long Crisis,” International Socialist Review (No. 8, 2010).

18. E. Blake, “State funding for higher education in US slashed by 20 percent since 2008,” World Socialist Web Site.

19. M.D. Weiss, “Student Loan Debt: America’s Next Big Crisis,” USA Today, Aug 23, 2015.

20. R. Hiltonsmith, “At What Cost? How Student Debt Reduces Lifetime Wealth,” Demos.

21. J.Nichols, Dollarocracy: How the Money and Media Election Complex Is Destroying America (Nation Books, 2014).