In Defense of Public Education

by Megan Behrent

1. Time Poll Results: Americans' Views on Teacher Tenure, Merit Pay and Other Education Reform, April 13, 2011.

2. Jonathan Mahler, "The Deadlocked Debate Over Education Reform," The New York Times April 9, 2011, accessed on 4-15-11.

3. Ibid.

4. Cited by Marjorie Murphy in Blackboard Unions: The AFT& the NEA 1900-1980, (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1990), p.56.

5. Paul Thomas, "The agenda behind teacher union-bashing," The Guardian, Friday February 4, 2011. (accessed April 4, 2011).

6. Matthew Di Carlo, cited by Valerie Strauss in "The real effect of teachers union contracts" on "The Answer Sheet: A School Survival Guide for Parents (and Everyone Else)" published at 10/25/2010, 4/13/2011.

7. Ibid.

8. Donald J. Hernandez, Double Jeopardy: How Third-Grade Reading Skills and Poverty Influence High School Graduation published by The Annie E. Casey Foundation, 4/13/2011.


10. Sharon Otterman, "Closing Schools Have Most Challenging Demographics" from the City Room blog on The New York Times online. January 26, 2011. 4/13/ 2011.

11. Ibid.

12. Schochet, Peter Z. and Hanley S. Chiang (2010). Error Rates in Measuring Teacher and School Performance Based on Student Test Score Gains (NCEE 2010-4004), Washington, DC: National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education., 4/13/2011.

13. Ibid.

14. Cited by Sarah Knopp in "A Teacher Pushed to the Edge," October 1, 2010.

15. Raj Chetty et al. "How Does Your Kindergarten Classroom Affect Your Earnings? Evidence From Project Star,".

16. Melanie Moran, "Teacher performance pay alone does not raise student test scores - New Vanderbilt study find," April 15, 2011.

17. See Alfie Kohn The Schools Our Children Deserve (New York: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1999).

18. See Lois Weiner & Mary Compton (eds), The Global Assault On Teaching, Teachers, and their Unions: Stories for Resistance (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008).

19. Ibid., 4