The District of Columbia: From the Oldest Colony to the 51st State?

by Bill Mosley

1. Kane, Paul; Perry Bacon Jr. and David A. Fahrenthold, "Deal done — now on to the next fight," Washington Post, April 10, 2011.

2. Jaffe, Harry S. and Tom Sherwood, Dream City: Race, Power, and the Decline of Washington DC, Simon & Schuster, 1994, p. 30.

3. Fauntroy, Michael K. Home Rule or House Rule? Congress and the Erosion of Local Governance in the District of Columbia. University Press of America, 2003, p. 13.

4. Richards, Mark David. Hope and Delusion: Struggle for Democracy in the District of Columbia. Doctoral Dissertation, 2001, p. 50.

5. Melder, Keith, City of Magnificent Intentions: A History of Washington, District of Columbia. 2nd Ed. Intac, Inc., 1997, p. 42.

6. Richards, op. cit., pp. 72-73.

7. Ibid, pp. 85-86.

8. Gillette, Howard. Between Justice and Beauty: Race, Planning and the Failure of Urban Policy in Washington, DC, University of Pennsylvania Press, 2006, pp. 54-59.

9. Kennedy, Edward M. and Ernest Hollings. "Representation for the District," Washington Post, May 19, 1978.

10. Jaffe and Sherwood, op.cit., p. 28.

11. Melder, op.cit., p. 565.

12. Smith, Sam. The End of Home Rule (Speech at the conference of DC New Democracy), February 25, 1995.

13. Richards, op.cit., p. 149.

14. Sun, Lena H. "DC Backsliding in Effort to Fight AIDS," Washington Post, March 8, 2011.

15. Meyers, Edward M. Public Opinion and the Political Future of America’s Capital. Georgetown University Press, p. 87.

16. Smith, The Statehood Papers: Writings on DC Statehood and Self-Government. http://prorev.com/dcstdfirst.htm.

17. Meyers, op.cit.., pp. 76-80.

18. Richards, op.cit., p. 235.

19. Washingtonpost.com, Summary of Title XI, HR 2015 ("District of Columbia Revitalization"), July 31, 1997.

20. Fauntroy, op.cit, p. 154.

21. Richards, op.cit., p. 245.

22. Stand Up! for Democracy in DC Coalition, 10th Anniversary Program, October 17, 2007

23. Miller, Bill, "DC Loses Bid for Vote in Congress," Washington Post, October 17, 2000.

24. Smith, DC News Service On-Line Report #42, July 3, 1998.

25. Ibid.

26. Somerman, Stephanie, "District Moves One Step Closer to Voting Rights Victory," The Leadership Conference for Civil Rights (website), October 9, 2006.

27. Norton, Eleanor Holmes. Website, January 1, 2011.

28. Gray, Vincent C. Inauguration Speech, printed in the Washington Post, January 2, 2011.