The Foreign Policies of Sanders, Trump, and Clinton


1. Adam B. Lerner, “Hillary Clinton says her Iraq war vote was a ‘mistake,’, May 19, 2015.

2. S.A. Miller and Seth McLaughlin, “Hillary Clinton Breaks with Obama, Threatens War to Enforce Iran Deal,” Washington Times, Sep. 9, 2015.

3. Lawrence Wittner, “The Trillion Dollar Question,” Huffington Post, Mar. 17, 2016.

4. “‘This Week’ Transcript: Ben Carson and Sen. Bernie Sanders,” ABC This Week 2015 interview by George Stephanopoulis, Oct. 18, 2015.

5. Michael Arria, “Bernie Sanders’ Troubling History of Supporting US Military Violence Abroad,” Alternet, May 13, 2015.

6. “Jeremy Scahill: Clinton Is Legendary Hawk, But Sanders Shouldn’t Get Pass on Role in Regime Change,” Democracy Now, May 3, 2016; “Bernie Sanders Rejects Syria No-Fly Zone, Backs Airstrikes,” Telesur, Oct. 3, 2015.

7. “Full Transcript MSNBC Town Hall with Bernie Sanders Moderated by Chris Hayes,” Apr. 25, 2016.

8. “Senator Bernie Sanders on Democratic Socialism in the United States,” Bernie 2016, Nov. 19, 2015. 

9. Human Rights Watch, Jordan; Kuwait; World Report 2015: Qatar; World Report 2015: UAE; and World Report 2015: Saudi Arabia

10. Robert Naiman, “Chamber of Commerce Lobbyist Tom Donohue: Clinton Will Support TPP After Election,” HuffPost Politics, Jan. 28, 2016. 

11. Maggie Haberman, “Donald Trump Says He Favors Big Tariffs on Chinese Exports,” New York Times, Jan. 7, 2016.

12. Index Mundi, United States Tariff Rate.

13. Gene Gerzhoy and Nick Miller, “Donald Trump Thinks More Countries Should Have Nuclear Weapons. Here’s What the Research Says,” Washington Post (WP), Apr. 6, 2016.

14. “Interview with CNN’s Jake Tapper,” Oct. 25, 2015.

15. Donald J. Trump foreign policy speech, Apr. 27, 2016.

16. Chris Heath, “This Donald Trump Interview Is the Best. You’re Gonna Love It,” GQ, Nov. 23, 2015.

17. Trump foreign policy speech, Apr. 27, 2016.

18. Andrew Kaczynski, “The Donald Trump Foreign Policy Doctrine, as Explained in His 2000 Book,” BuzzFeed News, Sep. 28, 2015.

19. Ben Geier, “Donald Trump Won’t Rule Out Using Nukes Against ISIS,” Fortune, Mar. 23, 2016.

20. Heath, “This Donald Trump Interview Is the Best.”

21. Trump foreign policy speech, Apr. 27, 2016.

22. Trump foreign policy speech, Apr. 27, 2016.

23. Donald Trump press conference in South Carolina, transcript, CNN Newsroom, Feb. 15, 2016.

24. Jeremy Diamond, “Jake Tapper Interview with Donald Trump,” Oct. 25, 2015, CNN Politics.

25. Helen Pidd and agencies, “Muammar Gaddafi’s tent finds home on Donald Trump’s estate,” Guardian, Sep. 22, 2009. 

26. Donald J. Trump, tweet, Dec. 12, 2012.

27. Natalie Andrews, “Donald Trump Praises Putin as ‘Strong Leader,’Wall Street Journal, Dec. 18, 2015.

28. Jose A. DelReal, “Donald Trump on Putin: ‘Nobody Has Proven that He’s Killed Anyone,’Washington Post, Dec. 20, 2015.

29. Alan Yuhas, “Jean-Marie Le Pen endorses Trump days after ex-KKK leader urges support,” Guardian, Feb. 27, 2016.

30. Nicholas Vinocur and Alberto Mucci, “Donald Trump ignores Europe’s far-right: Euroskeptic politicians flew to Washington to meet the billionaire,” Politico, Apr. 7, 2016.

31. “Trump ‘Disavows’ Former KKK Leader’s Support,” Reuters, Feb. 26, 2016. 

32. Eugene Kiely, “Donald Trump and the Iraq War,”, Feb. 19, 2016, and Alex Kaplan, Nick Fernandez, & Cydney Hargis, “16 Times the Media Let Trump Falsely Claim He Opposed the Iraq War from the Beginning,” May 5, 2016. 

33. Aaron Sharockman, “Donald Trump’s Pants on Fire claim he never discussed Libya intervention,” Politifact, Feb. 25, 2016. 

34. Donald J. Trump foreign policy speech, Apr. 27, 2016.

35. “Trump to Israel: Keep Building Settlements,” Israel Today, May 3, 2016.

36. Thomas Kaplan and Maggie Haberman, “Sheldon Adelson Says He Will Support Trump,” New York Times, May 6, 2016.

37. Jonathan Martin, “Sheldon Adelson Is Poised to Give Donald Trump a Donation Boost,” New York Times, May 13, 2016.

38. Rebecca Kaplan, “Donald Trump Promises to ‘Bomb the Hell Out of ISIS’ in New Ad,” CBS News, Nov. 18, 2015.

39. Steve Guest, “Trump on Waterboarding: ‘I Love It, I Think It’s Great’” [VIDEO],, Apr. 20, 2016.

40. Matthew Nussbaum, “Trump Calls for Ground Troops in Iraq, Syria,”, Mar. 10, 2016. 

41. Leslie H. Gelb, “Countering the Neocon Comeback,” Democracy (No. 35, Winter 2015).

42. Michael Crowley, “GOP Hawks Declare War on Trump,”, Mar. 3, 2016.

43. David Corn, “Hillary Clinton and Henry Kissinger: It’s Personal. Very Personal,” Mother Jones, Feb. 12, 2016.

44. Josh Rogin, “Hillary Clinton Pushed Obama to Keep Troops in Iraq,” Daily Beast, June 18, 2014.

45. Jo Becker and Scott Shane, “Hillary Clinton, ‘Smart Power’ and a Dictator’s Fall,” New York Times, Feb. 27, 2016.

46. “Read Hillary Clinton’s Speech to AIPAC,” Time, Mar. 21, 2016. 

47. Ben Norton, “‘She Sounds like Netanyahu’: Hillary Clinton Goes Extra Hawkish in Her Biased, Die-Hard Pro-Israel AIPAC Speech,” Salon, Mar. 22, 2016.

48. Greg Grandin, “A Voter’s Guide to Hillary Clinton’s Policies in Latin America,” Nation, Apr. 15, 2016.

49. Grandin, “Voter’s Guide.”

50. Stephen Zunes, “Hillary Clinton’s Double Standard on Human Rights,” National Catholic Reporter online, Apr. 11, 2016.

51. Becker and Shane, “Clinton, ‘Smart Power’ and a Dictator’s Fall.”