Introduction

by

1. Derrick E. White, The Challenge of Blackness: The Institute of the Black World and Political Activism in the 1970s (Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2011). 

2. William Strickland, “Some Reflections and Recommendations on Research for Summer Research Symposium,” The Institute of the Black World Papers – Summer Research Symposia 1971. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, the New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox, and Tilden Foundations.

3. The Institute of the Black World 1971 Summer Research Symposium Official report, The IBW Papers - Summer Research Symposia 1971.

4. C.L.R. James, Black Jacobins: Toussaint L’Ouverture and the San Domingo Revolution, rev. ed. (1938; repr., Vintage Books, 1989); W.E.B. Du Bois’s Black Reconstruction: An Essay Toward a History of the Part Which Black Folk Played in the Attempt to Reconstruct Democracy in America, 1860–1880 (1935; New York: Meridian Books, 1964).

5. Small Axe printed the three aforementioned lectures with an analytical introduction by Robert A. Hill. See: Robert A. Hill, “Preface: The C.L.R. James Lectures,” 61-64; C.L.R. James, “Lectures on the Black Jacobins,” 65-112; Anthony Bogues, “Afterword,” 113-117, Small Axe (Vol. 4, Issue 2, September 2000). 

6. Oliver C. Cox, Caste, Class & Race: A Study in Social Dynamics (1948; Monthly Review Press, 1959). Monthly Review Press reissued an abridged version of the text with an introduction by Adolph Reed, Jr., as Race: A Study in Social Dynamics (Monthly Review Press, 2001). 

7. Cedric Robinson traced the lineage of this critique of capitalism in Black Marxism: The Making of the Black Radical Tradition. New Foreword by Robin D.G. Kelley (1983; Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina Press, 2000). 

8. The literature on Oliver C. Cox’s intellectual contributions has been steadily growing. This includes Herbert M. Hunter, “Oliver C. Cox: A Biographical Sketch of His Life and Work,” Phylon (Vol. 44, No. 4, 4th Qtr., 1983), 249-261; George Snedeker, “Capitalism, Racism and the Struggle for Democracy: The Political Sociology of Oliver C. Cox,” Democracy and Socialism (No. 7, Fall 1988), 75-96; Cedric Robinson, “Oliver Cromwell Cox and the Historiography of the West,” Cultural Critique (Vol. 17, Winter 1990/91), 5-20; Christopher A. McAuley, The Mind of Oliver C. Cox (University of Notre Dame Press, 2004); Barbara Celarent, “Caste, Class and Race by Oliver Cromwell Cox,” American Journal of Sociology (Vol. 115, No. 5, March 2010), 1664-1669; Christopher A. McAuley, “Oliver C. Cox and the Roots of World Systems Theory,” in Nelson Lichtenstein, ed., American Capitalism: Social Thought and Political Economy in the Twentieth Century (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2006), 175-190. 

9. Louis Dumont, in Homo Hierarchicus, wrote, “The criticism of the ‘Caste School of Race Relations’ has been remarkably carried out by Oliver C. Cox. … Cox, with admirable insight, has evolved a picture of the caste system which is infinitely truer than that with which [W. Lloyd] Warner was satisfied.” Dumont, Homo Hierarchicus: The Caste System and Its Implications. Complete Revised English Edition (1960; University of Chicago, 1980), 254-255.

10. Oliver Cox, Capitalism and American Leadership (Philosophical Library, 1962), 242. Along with Capitalism and American Leadership, Cox’s books on capitalism included The Foundations of Capitalism (London: Peter Owen, 1959) and Capitalism as a System (Monthly Review Press, 1964). In recent years, Cox’s research is being acknowledged as a vital foundation to world-systems approaches in understanding capitalism. See: Sean P. Hier, “The Forgotten Architect: Cox, Wallerstein and World-System Theory,” Race & Class (Vol. 42 (3), January 2001), 69-86.

11. Francis Fukuyama, The End of History and the Last Man (Free Press, 1992).

12. Hunter, 255.

13. C.L.R. James, “Introduction,” in Marxism for Our Times: C.L.R. James on Revolutionary Organization, Martin Glaberman, ed. (Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1999), 183. 

14. Cox demonstrates this in his critique of E. Franklin Frazier, Park, Ogburn and others in Nathan Hare, The Black Anglo-Saxons. Introduction by Oliver C. Cox. (rk: Marzani & Munsell, Inc., 1965), 1-14.