Keeping the Communist Party Straight, 1940s-1980s

by Bettina Aptheker
  1. According to Victor Navasky, Robbins was rumored to have testified because HUAC investigators threatened to reveal he was gay. Robbins denies this, although his demeanor before HUAC, says Navasky, had an aura of social blackmail, Victor S. Navasky, Naming Names, (N.Y.: Viking, 1980) p. 75.
  2. Ellen Kay Trimberger, "Women in the Old and New Left: The Evolution of a Politics of Personal Life," Feminist Studies, fall, 1979, p. 438.
  3. Elizabeth Gurley Flynn, The Alderson Story: My Life As A Political Prisoner, (N.Y.:International Publishers, 1963) 54-56.
  4. Helen C. Camp, Iron In Her Soul: Elizabeth Gurley Flynn and the American Left (Pullman, WA: Washington State University Press, 1995) 129-30.
  5. Elizabeth Gurley Flynn, I Speak My Own Piece (N.Y.: Masses and Mainstream Publishers, 1955) 270-71.
  6. John D'Emilio and Estelle Freedman, Intimate Matters: A History of Sexuality in America (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago press, second ed., 1997) 232.
  7. Martin Duberman, Left Out: The Politics of Exclusion (Cambridge, MA: South End Press, 2002).