The Kurds, Bookchin, and the 
Need to Reinvent Revolution


1. Kurdish Question, “Around 500 Europeans Fighting in the Ranks of the YPG.”

2. Abdullah Öcalan, Prison Writings Volume II: The PKK and the Kurdish Question in the 21st Century (London: Pluto Press, 2011).

3. Janet Biehl, “Rojava’s Threefold Economy.”

4. Janet Biehl, “Two Academies in Rojava.”

5. Margaret Owen, “Gender and Justice in an Emerging Nation: My impressions of Rojava, Syrian Kurdistan.”

6. Joris Leverink, “Cizre Cries for Help: Turkey’s Kobanê Under Siege.”

7. Kurdish Question, “Kurds to Discuss Self-Rule in 15 Cities of North Kurdistan.”

8. Murray Bookchin, The Next Revolution: Popular Assemblies and the Promise of Direct Democracy (London: Pluto Press, 2014), 144.

9. Bookchin, 180.

10. Bookchin, 156.

11. Bookchin, 29.