Making Sense of Latin America's "Third Left"

by Marie Kennedy and Chris Tilly

An earlier and shorter version of this article appeared in Progressive Planningmagazine in 2006.

  1. Luis Hernàndez Navarro, "El posneoliberalismo serà anticapitalista, no socialista," Interview with Emir Sader. La Jornada (Mexico City), October 12, 2007, p.7.
  2. Our analysis of FEJUVE is based primarily on Emily Achtenberg, "Community organizing and rebellion: Neighborhood Councils in El Alto, Bolivia," Progressive Planning, Spring 2007. Our analysis of the MST, the Argentinean autonomista movements, and the Zapatista movements, are primarily based on visits and interviews with movement activists and others in 2002, 2005, and 2006, respectively. See: Marie Kennedy and Chris Tilly, "Dancing to a different samba: Brazil's grassroots groups look beyond the election," Dollars and Sense, September-October 2002; "Participatory democracy: Argentinean grassroots movements at the crossroads," Z Magazine, October 2005; "Chiapas: Counter-campaigns and autonomous communities - The Zapatistas' new fight," Against the Current, July/August 2006. We thank Grassroots International for their assistance in making contact with some of these movements.
  3. Fred Rosen. "Breaking with the past: A 40th anniversary conversation with Margarita Lòpez Maya.," NACLA Report on the Americas, Vol.40, No.3, May/June 2007.
  4. Speech at the Latin American Studies Association, Montreal, September 6, 2007.
  5. Jonah Gindin. "Chavistas in the halls of power, Chavistas on the street." NACLA Report on the Americas, Vol.38, No.5, March 2005.
  6. Amory Starr and Jason Adams. "Anti-globalization: The global fight for local autonomy," New Political Science Vol.25, No.1, 2003.