Puerto Rico and PROMESA: Reaffirming Colonialism

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1. Congressional Budget Office, Cost Estimate: HR 5278 (June 3, 2016), 3

2. Congressional Record-House, September 7, 2016, Pg. H5100. (accessed 5/10/17).

3. Danica Cotto and Mary Clare Jalonick, “Relief and Anger in Puerto Rico as Congress Acts on Debt,” Associated Press News, May 20, 2016 (accessed 5/2/17).

4. Speech at Colegio de Abogados de Puerto Rico, San Juan, Puerto Rico, Sept. 11, 2016 (accessed 4/30/17).

5. CBO, Cost Estimate, 3

6.Puerto Rico Is Being Left Voiceless: San Juan Mayor Condemns Bill to Create ‘Colonial Control Board,’” DemocracyNow.org, June 15, 2016 (accessed 5/8/17).

7. Speaker Ryan Press Office,Verified: House Bill Protects Taxpayers from Bailout, Requires Tough Choices from Puerto Rico, April 13, 2016 (accessed 4/30/17).

8. Harry S. Truman, “Special Message to the Congress Transmitting the Constitution of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico,” 1952, in Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley, The American Presidency Project (accessed 2/2/17).

9. United States Senate Committee of Interior and Insular Affairs, 81st Congress 2nd Session 1950.

10. Juan R. Torruella, “Outstanding Constitutional and International Law Issues Raised by the United States-Puerto Rico Relationship,” Minnesota Law Review (100, no. 2, 2016), 79-102.

11. Harvard Law Review, “U.S. Territories. The International Place of Puerto Rico” (V.130. No. 656), 1679.

12. Tucker Carlson, “Puerto Rico: Statehood or Independence. Guest Puerto Rico Governor Ricardo Rossello,” Tonight, Fox News, March 21, 2017.

13. Paul Ryan, “Congress Must Pass PROMESA to Protect American Taxpayers,” Washington Examiner, June 9, 2016 (accessed 5/1/17).

14. Ryan Press Office, “Verified.”

15. Sean Duffy, “Duffy Introduces Puerto Rico Oversight and Debt Restructuring Plan,” press release, May 18, 2016 (accessed 5/3/17).

16. Committee on Natural Resources Markup Memorandum, HR 5278 (accessed 4/30/16).

17. Desmond Lachman, “PROMESA Bill Offers Good First Step for Puerto Rico’s Recovery,” American Enterprise Institute, June 14, 2016 (accessed 4/15/17).

18. Robert Bacon and James Brown Scott, ed., The Military and Colonial Policy of the United States: Addresses and Reports by Elihu Root (Harvard University Press, 1916), 165.

19. Joseph Stiglitz and M. Marj Medish, “What the United States Owes Puerto Rico,” Wall Street Journal, Aug. 14, 2015.