Putin, the War in Ukraine, 
and the Far Right


1. Political Capital Institute, “The Russian Connection. The Spread of Pro-Russian Policies on the European Far Right,” Mar. 14, 2014.

2. Vladimir Lenin, “On the National Pride of the Great Russians.”

3. Vladimir Lenin, “Imperialism and the Split in Socialism.”

4. Vladimir Lenin, “The Question of Nationalities or ‘Autonomization’ (Continuation of the Notes).”

5. On the trajectory of Russian imperialism, see Zbigniew Kowalewski, “Russian Imperialism.”

6. Given the impossibility of finding common ground between the victorious powers, it would ultimately be the independence of the Kingdom of Libya that would triumph in December 1951 (Ronald B. St John, “The Soviet Penetration of Libya,” The World Today (vol. 38, no. 4, April 1982), 131-38).

7. Der Spiegel Online, Politik, Mar. 19, 2015.

8. Quoted by Keith Gessen, “Remembering Boris Nemtsov,” London Review of Books, Mar. 19, 2015.

9. “La rencontre de Sputnik and Pogrom: Borodai, Zhutchkovskiy, Tchalenko, Kholmogorov,” Mar. 26, 2014.

10. Ernst & Young, Ukraine FDI Report 2011. 

11. Ernst & Young. 

12. Jean-Luc Mélenchon, “Poutine a-t-il tué le cacique eltsinien Boris Nemtsov?” Mar. 4, 2015.