The Struggle Against Syriza’s 
Austerity Program


1.  The memorandums refer to contracts between the government of Greece and the Troika (the European Commission, European Central Bank, and International Monetary Fund) that control the conditions of the Greek people’s repayments to these lenders. The First Memorandum was signed in May of 2010, the Second Memorandum was signed in February 2012, and the Third Memorandum was signed by the Tsipras government in July 2015.

2.  "Greek government turns focus to Eurogroup after securing vote on new measures," Ekathimerini, May 8, 2016. 

3.  Mark Mazower, "Berlin should be careful what it wishes for," Live Rostrum, May 12, 2016. 

4.  The “Troika” refers to the tripartite committee led by the European Commission, with the European Central Bank and the International Monetary Fund, that organized loans to the governments of Greece and has controlled the conditions of their repayment.

5.  "Gov't turns focus to next round of reforms as Berlin shifts on IMF," Ekathimerini, May 11, 2016.

6.  Anand Gopal, "What Austerity Looks Like Inside Greece," The New Yorker, March 31, 2015. 

7.  "Greece concludes agreement with creditors on sale of NPLs," Ekathimerini, May 1, 2016. 

8.  Statistics cited in "Grèce. Le moment de vérité pour le mémorandum 3," A l'encontre, April 19, 2016.

9.  Felicity Capon, "Greece to Target 80,000 Wealthy Tax Avoiders," Newsweek, March 23, 2015.

10.  International Monetary Fund, "Greece: An update on IMF staff's preleminary public debt sustainability status," July 14, 2014. See also Rene Maltezou, "Exclusive: IMF says Greek debt 'highly unsustainable', debt relief 'essential' - draft memorandum," Reuters, April 12, 2016.

11.  PASOK is the main social democratic political party in Greece. Its history of leading pro-austerity governments saw its support collapse to less than 5 percent in the January 2015 election, which brought Syriza to power.

12.  POTAMI is a liberal political party formed in 2014 by prominent journalist Stavros Theodorakis.

13.  "Opposition parties turn up the pressure on ruling coalition," Ekathimerini, April 28, 2016.

14.  "Greek government turns focus to Eurogroup after securing vote on new measures," Ekathimerini, May 8, 2016.

15.  Leo Panitch and Richard Fidler, "Lessons from Greece: Leo Panitch and Richard Fidler debate SYRIZA," New Politics website, August 28, 2015.

16.  Paul D'Amato, "Turning point in Greece," International Socialist Review, Fall 2015.

17.  OKDE-Spartakos, "ANTARSYA and the anticapitalist project in Greece," International Viewpoint, April 8, 2014; see also Giorgos Charalambous, "What About the Greek Communist Party?" Jacobin, August 27, 2015.

18.  See, for example, Marty Goodman, "Greek Syriza folds to EU demands," Socialist Action, July 22, 2015.

19.  The Internationalist Workers Left, a revolutionary socialist group that had been within Syriza as a part of the Left Platform and is now active in Popular Unity/LAE. 

20.  Paul D'Amato, "Turning point in Greece," International Socialist Review, Fall 2015.

21.  May 1, 2010, saw three people killed during one of the earliest protests against austerity, the first deaths during public demonstrations in Greece since 1991. 

22.  Antonis Davanellos is one of the leaders of DEA and the Red Network and former Central Committee and Political Committee member of Syriza.

23.  Antonis Davanellos, "Reflections on our experience with Syriza," International Socialist Review, Spring 2016.

24.  The Red Network is a network of groups and individuals within LAE/Popular Unity, in which DEA plays a leading role. Like the Left Current, it is likely to form an organized tendency/platform within LAE (see below). 

25.  See Davanellos, "Reflections on our experience with Syriza".

26.  See Davanellos, "Reflections on our experience with Syriza".

27.  Synaspismos, or the Coalition of the Left, of Movements and Ecology, was founded in 1991 out of the Euro-communist wing of the Greek Communist Party (KKE). It was the single largest component of Syriza (the Coalition of the Radical Left) and dissolved when Syriza was launched as a political party in 2013. 

28.  See Davanellos"Reflections on our experience with Syriza".

29.  Aaron Amaral, "Talk by Aaron Amaral," Campaign for Peace and Democracy, February 6, 2015.

30.  See Davanellos"Reflections on our experience with Syriza".

31.  ARAN, or Left Recomposition, and ARAS, Left Anti-capitalist Group, both have political roots in the post-1968 European anti-revisionist left.

32.  ANTARSYA, or the Front of the Greek Anti-capitalist Left, is a coalition of far-left political formations. The largest two formations that remain within ANTARSYA are the NAR (New Left Current), whose roots are in the Communist Youth movement, and the SEK (Greek Socialist Workers Party), aligned to the International Socialist Tendency.

33.  Antonis Davanellos, "The Fourth Comintern Congress," International Socialist Review, Winter 2014-15.

34.  "Lawyers extend strike to April 25," Ekathimerini, April 14, 2016.

35.  "Print, electronic media in Greece hold 48-hour strike over pension reforms," Ekathimerini, April 21, 2016.

36.  "The cost of the blockades," Ekathimerini, February 17, 2016.

37.  Colleen Bolger, "Discontent returns to the streets in Greece," Socialist Worker, February 19, 2016.

38.  Frontex (Frontières extérieures, or External Borders) is an agency of the European Union established in 2004 to manage cooperation between national border guards securing its external borders.

39.  Nicole Colson, "A mass grave in the Mediterranean," Socialist WorkerApril 28, 2016 .

40.  "Farmers threaten to intensify blockades of borders, roads, airports," Ekathimerini, February 5, 2016; see also "Private sector workers' union plans 48-hour action," Ekathimerini, April 11, 2016; see also "Private sector umbrella union plans walkout on May 8," Ekathimerini, April 20, 2016.