Ukraine Between a Rock 
and a Hard Place


1. Find Svoboda's website here.

2. David Stern, “Svoboda: The Rise of Ukraine’s ultra-nationalists.”

3. Cited in Per Anders Rudling, Ruth Wodak, and John E. Richardson, eds., The Return of the Ukrainian Far Right: The Case of VO Svoboda (Routledge, 2013), 229–247.

4. Maria Danilova, “Ukrainian party accused of racism in pop scandal,” Associated Press, Feb. 22, 2012.

5. “Ukrainian oligarch Poroshenko leading pres race with over 50% votes,” RT, May 25, 2014.

6. “Klitschko receives over 56 percent of votes in Kyiv mayor elections after counting in 40 percent of wards,” Kyiv Post, May 27, 2014.

7. Tash Shifrin, “Ukraine slides towards civil war: don’t choose a side in battle of reaction,” Dream Deferred, May 5, 2014.

8. Laurent Moeri, “Excuse Me Mister: How Far Is It From Simferopol To Grozny?” May 19, 2104.

9. Anton Shekhovtsov, “Russian and pro-Russian right-wing terrorists spreading fear and hate in Ukraine,” April 19, 2014.

10. See Daniel Reynolds, “Russia’s ‘Gay Propaganda’ Law Takes Effect in Crimea,” Advocate, May 1, 2014, cited by Kevin Anderson in his article in this issue, “Ukraine: Democratic Aspirations and Inter-imperialist Rivalry.”

11. Such unions are missing in Ukraine today. As Sean Larson notes inContradictions of the Ruling Class in Ukraine,” in this issue, “The opinion [among the public] predominates that trade unions are relics of the communist era for the purpose of organizing vacations or children’s summer camps (functions largely responsible for sustaining union membership) rather than fighting organizations pushing for the interests of workers on the job and in politics.” 

Note: the map was drawn by Lisa Lyons, based on an original map at Source: Ukraine 2001 Census. [We regret that we omitted this note from the print issue.]