Venezuela's PSUV and Socialism from Below

by Interview with Orlando Chirino

For a thorough description and analysis of the history of Venezuelan politics, see Lee Sustar's article in the International Socialist Review, "Where is Venezuela Going?"

  1. "Venezuela: Workers taking back control," ZNet, June 28, 2005.
  2. "Analysis: The battle over Venezuela's union".
  3. Here.
  4. Compaña Anònima Nacional Teléfono de Venezuela. A telecommunications company, which has been nationalized.
  5. There were four Republics in Venezuela up to 1998. The 4th Republic was anti-Bolivarian and opposed the Chavez government. Chavez created the 5th Republic.
  6. The valve factory Inveval was nationalized in April 2005 by the Chavez government and is now functioning under workers' control.
  7. Sanatorios Maracay produces ceramic bathroom products. The previous owner had closed the factory after several years of unending conflict with the workers. Workers occupied the factory and restarted production for the local community. In December 2006 workers marched to Miraflores Palace to demand its nationalization.
  8. Copei (Comite de Organizaciòn Politica Electoral Independiente, Committee of Organization of Electoral Independence, also called socialcristiano, Social Christian) and Acciòn Democràtica (Democratic Action) shared power in governing Venezuela for four decades. Lee Sustar, writing in the International Socialist Review, explains their politics as follows:
    "The fall of the military dictatorship of General Pérez in 1958 was followed by a political power-sharing deal between the nominally center-left Democratic Action Party (AD) and the conservative Christian Democratic Party (COPEI). The agreement created a duopoly that excluded the Communist Party (PCV), then dominant in organized labor. The Communists were also expelled from the Confederation of Venezuelan Labor (CTV), which was soon dominated by the AD and became a vehicle for U.S. imperialism to subvert organized labor across Latin America." ("Where is Venezuela Going?")
  9. Party of Socialist Workers—The Spark.
  10. Bolivian Workers Federation. According to Roberto Lòpez Sànchez of the UNT, they promoted the elimination of UNT as a Bolivarian union organization and aimed to construct a bureaucratic parapet that could be controlled by the "true socialists and revolutionaries (as they proclaim themselves to be)." (New Socialist)
  11. Federaciòn Trabajadores Petròleo—Union of Oil Workers
  12. Movimiento Quinta República (Fifth Republic Movement). The party of Chavez, founded in 1997 as a coalition of non-partisan politicians from all extremes of the political spectrum promoting the Chavez presidency.
  13. Fatherland for All
  14. (We Can). Both PPT and Podemos are left-wing groups. Chavez sought their support.