Why We Need a Global Green New Deal

by Ashley Dawson

1. Naomi Klein, The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism (New York: Metropolitan, 2007).

2. Oxford Research Group, Global Responses to Global Threats, Accessed March 13, 2008.

3. Ian Traynor, "EU Told to Prepare for Flood of Climate Change Migrants," The Guardian (March 10, 2008), Accessed March 13, 2008.

4. For an overview of many of these developing environmental stresses, see Lester Brown, Plan B 2.0 (New York: Norton, 2006).

5. Pierre Bourdieu, Acts of Resistance: Against the Tyranny of the Market (New York: New Press, 1998), 102.

6. For further discussion of state theory, see Omar Dahbour, Ashley Dawson, Heather Gautney, and Neil Smith, eds., Prospects for Democracy (New York: Routledge, 2009).

7. Andrew Simms, "The Final Countdown," The Guardian (August 1, 2008).

8. I am hardly the first to propose some version of a New Deal. Notably, David Harvey proposes some version of a new New Deal in The New Imperialism (New York: Oxford University Press, 2003), although he does not touch on environmental issues. Susan George has also pursued this theme recently, highlighting the idea of an environmental Keynesianism. See the interview I conducted with her, "Towards a New Green Deal," archived here. Most recently, the New Economics Foundation published a document called A New Green Deal that, in linking the economic, energy, and environmental crises, had a strong impact on my thought.

9. For a text of Hansen's recent testimony before a House committee, see here.

10. James Randerson, "Climate Change: Prepare for Global Temperature Rise of 4C, Warns Top Scientist," The Guardian (August 7, 2008).

11. On the controversial report to the Pentagon, for example, see Mark Townsend and Paul Harris, "Now the Pentagon Tells Bush: Climate Change Will Destroy Us," The Observer (February 22, 2004). This report is available online here.

12. Javier Solana, "Before the Flood," The Guardian (10 March 2008), Accessed March 13, 2008.

13. Ibid.

14. Robin McKie, "Meltdown in the Artic is Speeding Up," The Observer (August 10, 2008).

15. Mark Lynas, "Climate Change Catastrophe By Degrees," The Guardian (August 7, 2008).

16. Ian Sample, "'100 Months' To Stop Overheating," The Guardian, August 1, 2008.

17. For a fascinating history of the fossil fuel lobby's adaptation of techniques used by Big Tobacco to derail public health campaigns against cigarette smoking, see George Monbiot, Heat: How to Stop the Planet Burning (London: Allen Lane, 2006): 20-42.

18. On the turn towards liberal imperialism in late 19th century Britain, see David Harvey, The New Imperialism (New York: Oxford University Press, 2003), 124-126.

19. Ibid.,139.

20. For analysis of the WTO's contribution to climate change, see Walden Bello, "Derail Doha, Save the Climate".

21. On the 100 month window of opportunity before we reach the point of no return for climate change, see Ian Sample, "100 Months To Stop Overheating," The Guardian (August 1, 2008).

22. Van Jones, Green Collar Economy (New York: Harper One, 2008).

23. Heidi Bachram, "Climate Fraud and Carbon Colonialism: The New Trade in Greenhouse Gases," Capitalism Nature Socialism 15.4 (December 2004): 1-16.

24. Ibid., 3.

25. Ibid., 4.

26. Ibid., 9.

27. This notion was first developed by Mayer Hillman but has been developed in more detail by George Monbiot. See Mayer Hillman, How To Save the Planet (London: Penguin, 2004) and George Monbiot, Heat: How To Stop the Planet Burning (London: Allen Lane, 2006).

28. For discussion of a carbon tax system that strives for equality, see Peter Barnes in Who Owns the Sky?: Our Common Assets and the Future of Capitalism (Washington, D.C.: Island Press, 2001).

29. Monbiot, 45.

30. I do not include nuclear power and "clean" coal among these renewable resources because of concerns about security and disposal in the case of the former and because of the unproven character of the latter. For a discussion of the significant limitations of these energy sources, see Richard Heinberg, The Party's Over: Oil, War, and the Fate of Industrial Societies (Gabriola Island, Canada: New Society, 2003).

31. For a withering attack on US suburbia, see James Howard Kunstler, Geography of Nowhere: The Rise and Decline of America's Man-Made Landscape (New York: Free Press, 1994).

32. On compact cities, see Herbert Girardet, Creating Sustainable Cities (London: Green Books, 1999).

33. For a far more detailed discussion of the problems of generating, storing, and transmitting renewable power, see Monbiot, 101-141.

34. The call for Green Jobs is a central component in national organizations such as the Apollo Alliance, an organization that melds unions and environmental organizations to push for well paying, environmentally responsible employment and clean energy. See here.

35. On Greenhouse Development Rights, see discussion and publications by the organization Eco-Equity.

36. See, for example, Oliver Tickell, Kyoto2: How to Manage the Global Greenhouse (New York: Zed, 2008).

37. Walden Bello, "The Anti-Climate Summit".