Women and Austerity in Britain

by

1. Equality and Human Rights Commission, “Women, men and part-time work.”

2. UK, Office for National Statistics (ONS), “Public and private sector employment by gender and region Q2 2012,” available here

3. Shiv Malik, “UK’s lowest-paid employees to be classed as ‘not working enough,’” Guardian, Sept. 6, 2013.

4. Economically inactive people are not employed but do not meet the internationally accepted definition of unemployment because they have not been seeking work within the last four weeks and/or they are unable to start work within the next two weeks. 

5. See Research Paper SN/SG/5830.

6. Since 2008 the Joseph Rowntree Foundation has said real inflation had climbed by 25 percent rather than the 17 percent increase as judged by the CPI.

7. Women’s retirement age is scheduled to rise to 63 in 2016, and 65 in 2018; everyone’s State Pension age will increase to 66 by 2020.

8. According to the ONS, in 2011, women accounted for 92 percent of lone parents with dependent children and men accounted for 8 percent of lone parents with dependent children. 

According to the Fawcett Society: “Single mothers will be hardest hit by the government’s program of benefit cuts and tax rises. It estimates they will lose an average 8.5% of their income after tax by 2015. The gender equality charity said this compared with 7.5% for single fathers, 6.5% for couples with children and 2.5% for couples without children.” 

9. According to the BBC, “Of the 7.8 million families receiving child benefit, 1.2 million have more than two children. Of the 5.2 million families receiving child tax credits, about 926,000 of them have more than two children.”

10. See here.

11. Benefits affected by the cap can be seen here. Capped benefits primarily affecting women are: 1) Bereavement Allowance; 2) Carer’s Allowance; 3) Child Benefit; 4) Child Tax Credit; 5) Maternity Allowance; 6) Widowed Parent’s Allowance (or Widowed Mother’s Allowance or Widow’s Pension that started before Apr. 9, 2001).

12. See here. 35+ hours is considered full time in the UK. 

13. Housing Benefit obtainable depends on the size of the property rented. five-bedroom properties are no longer eligible for housing benefits.

14. See here.

15. Rajeev Sayal, “‘Bedroom tax’ will hit single parents and disabled people hardest,” Guardian, Mar. 4, 2013.

16. See: Patrick Butler, “Number of people turning to food banks triples in a year,” Guardian, Apr. 23, 2013. See also Judith Burns, “Save the Children urges action for poorest UK children,” BBC, Sept. 12, 2012.

17. See e.g., Charlotte McDonald-Gibson, “Exclusive: Red Cross launches emergency food aid plan for UK’s hungry,” Independent, Oct. 11, 2013.